It will ask us for user name which is root, and the password which is owaspbwa. The MySQL database in Metasploitable 2 has negligible security, we will connect to it using the MySQL function of Kali by defining the username and host IP. This module takes advantage of the -d flag to set php.ini directives to achieve code execution. We press here OK, and we can see that we successfully logged into Tomcat web application manager, where we can now change all of these settings if we want to. At this point the room has suggested using PowerUp.ps1 from the PowerSploit distro. If you have a full install of Kali Linux can use locate to find this script on your machine, and copy it to whatever directory you wish. We will cover the pathways that TryHackMe has laid out in the room, and I will provide a couple of additional tricks I picked up while studying for eCPPT which prove valuable, and can help you understand how some of the functions of tools like winPEAS work. If this fails, make sure you are running the http server from the directory where netcat resides. Don’t forget to adjust worker.ajp13.host to the correct host. So what we will … The thing to keep in mind here is that the key we have is without a passphrase so the after the override the key in the victim machine is also without a passphrase, so when it is connected using ssh, it’s using a blank password. If you've gotten to this point and are somewhat confused about what Unquoted Service Paths are, that's ok. In the references you will find a nice guide on how to do that (read it first), what follows is just an overview of the commands I used on my own machine. use exploit / multi / handler set PAYLOAD windows / meterpreter / reverse_https set LHOST 0.0. What we do need, and what we will always need, is the, Now stop on success we want to set to true since we do not need to continue brute-forcing it after we find the user name and password. As it invokes a method in the RMI Distributed Garbage Collector which is available via every RMI endpoint, it can be used against both rmiregistry and rmid, and against most other (custom) RMI endpoints as well. The payload is uploaded as a WAR archive containing a JSP application using a POST request against the /manager/html/upload component. This is important to note because if we were to exploit an unquoted service path that was writable, there could still be permissions set on the service itself. If you have loaded a database plugin and connected to a database this module will record successful logins and hosts so you can track your access. He is a renowned security evangelist. All things considered in my Cyber Security journey. For example, you must select the Windows target to use native Windows payloads. SOCKS Proxy Pivoting. This is a difficult challenge for those who have never exploited an Unquoted Service Path before, and even more so if you struggle with manual exploitation. The exploit comes with RSA keys that it used to bruteforce the root login. So, right now we are only interested in the auxiliary part. This module exploits a malicious backdoor that was added to the Unreal IRCD 184.108.40.206 download archive. So let us actually search for Tomcat and see what kind of available exploits and auxiliary modules we have. If you’ve ever tried to learn about pentesting you would have come across Metasploitable in one way or another. Here is a simple example to script the deployment of a handler an create an Office doc with macro. This articles, I am going to guide you how to use some module on Metasploit for finding ports and services on your target system. Running the exploit without any arguments reveals the proper syntax. We all know about exploiting Tomcat using WAR files. We now need to drop in to a Windows command shell using the shell command, and first stop, then restart our program. We will be searching for an exploit for VSFTPD 2.3.4 using Searchsploit. Incidentally, Metasploit has an exploit for Tomcat that we can use to get a Meterpreter session. If Kali Linux is used, it would be required to install libapache2-mod-jk. I have setup a fresh VirtualBox install of both Kali Linux and Metasploitable. This backdoor was present in the Unreal220.127.116.11.tar.gz archive between November 2009 and June 12th, 2010. I like to scan through and just pick out what I think will be most useful starting with 80 and the alternate 8080 by navigating to each. We also need to start a Multi Handler to catch our reverse shell. We can first do a quick search to find our Rejetto exploit and input our settings to get our initial foothold. they're used to gather information about the pages you visit and how many clicks you need to accomplish a task. From nmap output result, we found port 8080 is open for Apache Tomcat. If you don't have these on your machine you should anyways, so use the link in the room to download them to your directory of choice. The Binary path for this service has write access as bill the user. Metasploit has a module in its auxiliary section that we can use to get into the rlogin. This module exploits a malicious backdoor that was added to the VSFTPD download archive. We see that the application is HttpFileServer 2.3. java/meterpreter/reverse_tcp normal Java Meterpreter, Java Reverse TCP Stager The same password and user file from earlier will be used for this. Doing a quick google search on the version reveals an exploit that uses a local HTTP server to deliver netcat to the target and execute it. Root is the user name and password is owaspbwa, which we will soon check. Virtual Network Computing or VNC service runs on port 5900, this service can be exploited using a module in Metasploit to find the login credentials. On your penetration testing, finding ports and services is important.In the real world, I exploited some systems by identifying open ports and try to attack this port. The exploit uses the default credentials used by Tomcat to gain access. As we can see, this one doesn't have the date of when it came into the Metasploit as well. The key is now copied so we unmount the directory and connect as the root user using ssh. Its intent is to give you a single source containing all the ways and means to exploit all the vulnerabilities of Metasploiable 2 classified by port’s and services, it doesn’t get any better than this. So we use the /accepteula flag to perform this step via the command line. For more information, see our Privacy Statement. ( Log Out / So that'll be about it for this attack. We will now exploit the argument injection vulnerability of PHP 2.4.2 using Metasploit. This module takes advantage of the default configuration of the RMI Registry and RMI Activation services, which allow loading classes from any remote (HTTP) URL. via Port 8080. I copy mine to a working directory on my desktop and start my Python server there. I guess it has some good Tomcat default passwords and users. Learn more, Cannot retrieve contributors at this time. I typically go for the web servers first, and visiting port 80 will give us the answer to our first question in the room. We can just create an executable with msfvenom, name it as Advanced.exe and place it in the C:\Program Files (x86)\IObit\ directory since we have already verified that bill has write access there. Note that your session may be unstable and that you will need to interact with it quickly and migrate the process to an x64 process running as NT AUTHORITY\System. we got the error 401 unauthorized since we didn't specify the user name and password. So if you are interested in this, please follow along in the next section. So we navigate to the web browser and on exploring Target IP: port we saw HTTP authentication page to login in tomcat manager application. generic/shell_bind_tcp normal Generic Command Shell, Bind TCP Inline You can find this command in the below image and caption. Let’s put our findings to use and try to connect using FTP. I tried to login with the usual admin:admin, admin:password..etc combinations but no luck. More information can be found here: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/downloads/accesschk.
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